12/01/2006 – Pinakotheke – Sao Paulo – Exhibition – Nereide Schilaro Santa Rosa
Di Cavalcanti (Click to see the original article))
Exhibition on the artwork of Di Cavalcanti (1897-1976)
ART-EDUCATION – Supplement with suggestions for student activities to CHILD EDUCATION, ELEMENTARY EDUCATION 1, ELEMENTARY SCHOOL 2 and HIGH SCHOOL
“The act of visiting an art exhibition is a special time in our lives, so needs to be pleasant enough to cause the return of desire in the student, including spontaneously. It is a meeting with the expression of sensitive people of thoughts and emotions and a rare opportunity to enjoy unique works, what happens in different ways: when we appreciate the work of art, to imagine the constructive process that culminated in that work and eye contact with the space itself exhibition. Both the artist, to draw up his work as the curator of the exhibition, think of every detail, colors, shapes, materials, on-site, size, and much more. Visit an art exhibition is to feel and enjoy all this, is to think about on each work on the artist’s intention, as he organized the material and chose particular support for the expected result. “(In Art education for teachers: theories and practices in school visitation, Nereide Schilaro Santa Rosa and Neusa S. Scalea, Rio de Janeiro: Pinakotheke Editions, 2006, p 81.) This exhibition is a rare opportunity to appreciate the work of Emiliano Di Cavalcanti, one of the greatest expressions of the Brazilian painting universe. His work has already been analyzed, assessed, and sung in verse and prose by renowned critics of art. In this educational supplement, our ultimate goal is to contextualize it in the pedagogical aspect and suggest its better use for the development of activities in the classroom. Always remember the goals of art education education – developing the three guiding principles of art education at school: enjoy it while visiting the exhibition, the context when commenting on the biography and historical information about the artists, and finally the do, to carry out the activities from the subject.
BEFORE STARTING THE VISITATION:
Tell students what is an exhibition space, explain about their goals, their dependencies and their importance to the preservation of culture. Complete this preparation class to visit reporting on the exhibition theme and specifically about the artist, through this short biography: Emiliano Di Cavalcanti was born in 1897 in Rio de Janeiro, in the neighborhood of Saint Kitts and died in 1976 in the same city. He started as a cartoonist in 1917 and actively participated in the Modern Art Week, including creating the famous poster this week. Figurative painter, modernist, and for many critics considered Expressionist and Fauvist. Its main theme is Brazil: culture and Brazilian types predominate in his works with intensity. Their figures are strong, occupy the screen and are marked by color and mastery of form. Through his brush, the everyday becomes a mix of emotions, curiosities, and his images maintains a close relationship with the viewer. This, to enjoy them, discovers and is similar to many figures who may already have crossed the street, on the boardwalk, bars, fairs, on the beach, in the streets of Brazilian cities. Such is the work of Di: Brazil in the horizontal plane. He himself explains: “… I got love for the color of the Rio Carnival, rhythm, sensuality primitive Brazil; my permanent romanticism came from the St. Kitts neighborhood; my popular style came from Machado de Assis, my adventurous spirit came from the Northeast of my parents of Paraíba and Pernambuco, and my courage, which was a hundred times greater after I made a visit to São Paião where I discovered the existence of an Italian colonization that industrialized coffee production and built cities “(in Week 22: antecedents and consequences, commemorative Edition Museum of São Paulo Assis Chateaubriand Art, 1972).
DURING THE VISITATION:
When starting the visitation, have students observe the layout of the tables. Review with them that the provision of the works is thought by the curator, usually in thematic groups or in chronological sequence. During the visit, and enjoy the works, call their attention to the colors and the brightness of the environment, the size of the works and space, and read the information that is available to visitors. At the end, discuss with your students about your preferences, what they learned and observed, and listen to your comments and suggestions.
RETURN TO THE CLASSROOM:
First: commenton the timeline that we have prepared especially for students in relation to the work of Di Cavalcanti. Make historical background, cultural and political. Second: explain how a painter if you plan to produce a framework: First, it checks the size of the screen, then think if the image is abstract (only shapes and colors) or figurative (with identifiable figures). Decide what will be the theme of the work: landscape, portrait, historical, religious, party, etc .; as will distribute the pictures or forms in screen space; what colors will be used; Figures lines will be thick or thin, straight or curved, shadows or lights, or if the figures are near or far. Describe the techniques used by the artist in works of art, seen in the exhibition. Emphasize to those that were preferred by students. Complement with an analysis of look at the issue of color, structure, theme, light and realism in the transcription of the images. Third: Students produce plastic activities in class about what was appreciated and commented.